Life - from Politics to Philosophy Plato was born in Athens in c.
See Important Quotations Explained Given that only philosophers can have knowledge, they are clearly the ones best able to grasp what is good for the city, and so are in the best position to know how to run and govern the city. Luckily, we do know that philosophers are superior in virtue to everyone else.
This means that the rational part of his soul must rule, which means that his soul is just.
None of the philosophers he has ever known have been like Socrates is describing. Most philosophers are useless, and those that are not useless tend to be vicious. Men born with the philosophical nature—courageous, high-minded, quick learners, with faculties of memory—are quickly preyed upon by family and friends, who hope to benefit from their natural gifts.
They are encouraged to enter politics in order to win money and power by their parasitic family and friends. So they are inevitably led away from the philosophical life. In place of the natural philosophers who are diverted away from philosophy and corrupted, other people who lack the right philosophical nature, rush in to fill the gap and become philosophers when they have no right to be.
Aristotle vs Plato comparison. Aristotle and Plato were philosophers in ancient Greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more. Though many more of Plato's works survived the centuries, Aristotle's contributions have arguably been more influential, particul. The philosopher-kings' education aims beyond the attainment of the four virtues and includes the greatest and most beneficial study: that of "the good" (a). Knowledge of the good is the ultimate virtue; without it the attainment of other virtues is . On the way to defending the just life, Socrates considers a tremendous variety of subjects such as several rival theories of justice, competing views of human happiness, education, the nature and importance of philosophy and philosophers, knowledge, the structure of reality, the Forms, the virtues and vices, good and bad souls, good and bad political .
These people are vicious. The few who are good philosophers those whose natures were somehow not corrupted, either because they were in exile, lived in a small city, were in bad health, or by some other circumstance are considered useless because society has become antithetical to correct ideals.
He compares the situation to a ship on which the ship owner is hard of hearing, has poor vision, and lacks sea-faring skills.
All of the sailors on the ship quarrel over who should be captain, though they know nothing about navigation. In lieu of any skill, they make use of brute force and clever tricks to get the ship owner to choose them as captain. In this scenario, Socrates points out, the true captain—the man who knows the craft of navigation—would be called a useless stargazer.
The current situation in Athens is analogous: Instead, everyone tries to get ahead by clever, often unjust, tricks. Those few good philosophers who turn their sights toward the Forms and truly know things are deemed useless.
All that we need to make our city possible, Socrates concludes, is one such philosopher-king—one person with the right nature who is educated in the right way and comes to grasp the Forms.
This, he believes, is not all that impossible. Book VI, ac Continuing with the defense of the philosopher, Plato asserts in this section that the philosopher is not only the sole possesor of knowledge, he is also the most virtuous of men. By associating with what is ordered and divine i.
He patterns his soul after the Form of the Good. Plato also offers a more intuitive explanation for why the philosopher is virtuous.
Since all of him strives toward truth, his other desires are weakened. He has no real drive toward money, honor, pleasure, and so on.
In short, he has none of the drives that can lead to immoral behavior. He would never be motivated to steal, lie, boast, act slavishly, or anything else of this sort. His emotions and appetites no longer provide a strong impetus toward vice.Plato’s Republic is the single most important work in the canon of Western philosophy.
It investigates the nature of justice. Many of Plato’s answers are wrong, as Plato later admits implicitly in his last dialogue, the Laws, but Plato asks all the big questions that will animate the Western philosophical tradition, and this is an.
Description: This is the first of two classes devoted to Socrates’ discussion of how to educate a philosopher (in Republic VI and VII).
Dr. Dr. Culp first discusses Socrates account of the Idea of the Good, noting the curious way that this idea seems to be both a practical goal and a metaphysical principle. Aristotle vs Plato comparison.
Aristotle and Plato were philosophers in ancient Greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more. Though many more of Plato's works survived the centuries, Aristotle's contributions have arguably been more influential, particul. Plato’s Apology of Socrates: Philosophy, Religion, and the Gods in the Origins of Liberal Education Roger Barrus Hampden-Sydney College Liberal education is that form education appropriate for a free human being, who is both an.
The Iranian literary scholar Hamid Dabashi recently argued that Western Philosophy ends with Thrasymachus’ argument in Book One of the Republic. He is not the first to agree (however unhappily. 3- the philosopher kingrequired for the city (philosophers need to adapt to city in speech), and for soul (philosophy provides a higher goal to motivate justice in the soul)Socrates says this will never be possible because: 1) he will never be desirable, and it will conflict with his primary goal of attaining wisdom.