Female factory workers inLong Beach, California. Nineteen million American women filled out the home front labor force, not only as "Rosie the Riveters" in war factory jobs, but in transportation, agricultural, and office work of every variety.
Women joined the federal government in massive numbers during World War II. Nearly a million "government girls" were recruited for war work. In addition, women volunteers aided the war effort by planting victory gardenscanning produce, selling war bondsdonating blood, salvaging needed commodities and sending care packages.
By the end of World War I, twenty-four percent of workers in aviation plants, mainly located along the coasts of the United States were women, and yet this percentage was easily surpassed by the beginning of World War II.
Since men that usually did certain jobs were out at war, women tried to replace them. For example, the pop culture phenomenon of " Rosie the Riveter " made riveting one of the most widely known jobs. Experts speculate women were so successful at riveting because it so closely resembled sewing assembling and seaming together a garment.
As Glenn Martina co-founder of Martin Mariettatold a reporter: And yet many others, maybe more adventurous, chose to run massive hydraulic presses that cut metal parts while others used cranes to move bulky plane parts from one end of the factory to the other.
They even had women inspectors to ensure any necessary adjustments were made before the planes were flown out to war often by female pilots.
The majority of the planes they built were either large bombers or small fighters. Olivia HookerD. Recognized as an official part of the regular army, more thanwomen served as WACs during the war with thousands were sent to the European and Pacific theaters. Inthe th Central Postal Directory Battalion the only all African-American, all-female battalion during World War II worked in England and France, making them the first black female battalion to travel overseas.
Commanded by Major Early, the battalion was composed of 30 officers and enlisted women. Enlisted basic training was segregated for living, dining and training, but while living quarters remained segregated at officer training and specialist schools, dining and training facilities there were integrated.
Other WAC translators were assigned jobs helping the U. Air WACs served in a large variety of jobs, including aerial photo interpretation, air traffic control, and weather forecasting.
The first female officer of the United States Marine Corps was also commissioned that year with the first female detachment of marines sent to duty in Hawaii in American women also took part in assuming the defense of the home front. Apart from the number of women who served in the federal military, a number of women joined the various state guardsorganized by individual U.
In Septemberthe Idaho State Guard became the first state-level military organization in the United States to induct women into its command structure when Governor Chase A.
Clark administered the oath of enlistment to a group of women from the Idaho volunteer auxiliary reserves. Although most were kept far from combat, 67 were captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in and were held as POWs for over two and a half years.
Another, an Army flight nurse who had been aboard an aircraft that was shot down behind enemy lines in Germany inwas held as a POW for four months.
Five were captured by the Japanese on the island of Guam and held as POWs for five months before being exchanged. A second group of eleven were captured in the Philippines and held for 37 months. During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, some Filipino-American women smuggled food and medicine to American prisoners of war POWs and carried information on Japanese deployments to Filipino and American forces working to sabotage the Japanese Army.Tragedies of War Scarred All Sides in Vietnam.
When it comes to war histories, the Vietnam War and World War I are in a class by themselves. More sheer nonsense has been written about these two conflicts than just about any other war in history. American women played important roles during World War II, both at home and in uniform.
Not only did they give their sons, husbands, fathers, and brothers to the war effort, they gave their time, energy, and some even gave their lives.
Resources/Collections of History Lesson Plans NEH Lesson Plans Web-based lesson plans for U.S. history and American government teachers from the National Endowment for the Humanities EDSITEment.
See also History and Social Studies and Introduction to Advanced Placement U.S. History Lessons. leslutinsduphoenix.com World War II was the biggest and deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries.
American Women in World War II. Anne Frank.
Atlantic Charter. Mar 10, · Watch video · During World War II, some , women served in the U.S. Armed Forces, both at home and abroad. They included the Women’s Airforce Service Pilots, who on March 10, , were awarded the.
Home > Research Our Records > African American Research > Pictures of African Americans During World War II The images described in this leaflet illustrate African-American participation in World War II. "The National Council of Negro Women entertained British war workers representing labor unions and American labor women .