For more information, click to see the Casualties of World War I. The outbreak of war between European nations was the result of several factors: This would increase German influence in the world and likely allow the country to expand its colonial holdings. Russia was rebuilding and modernizing its large army and had begun a program of industrialization.
This seemingly small conflict between two countries spread rapidly: Western and eastern fronts quickly opened along the borders of Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Western and Eastern Fronts The first month of combat consisted of bold attacks and rapid troop movements on both fronts.
In the west, Germany attacked first Belgium and then France. In the east, Russia attacked both Germany and Austria-Hungary. In the south, Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia. Following the Battle of the Marne September 5—9,the western front became entrenched in central France and remained that way for the rest of the war.
The fronts in the east also gradually locked into place. The Ottoman Empire Late inthe Ottoman Empire was brought into the fray as well, after Germany tricked Russia into thinking that Turkey had attacked it. As a result, much of was dominated by Allied actions against the Ottomans in the Mediterranean.
First, Britain and France launched a failed attack on the Dardanelles. This campaign was followed by the British invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula.
Britain also launched a separate campaign against the Turks in Mesopotamia. Although the British had some successes in Mesopotamia, the Gallipoli campaign and the attacks on the Dardanelles resulted in British defeats. Trench Warfare The middle part of the war, andwas dominated by continued trench warfare in both the east and the west.
Soldiers fought from dug-in positions, striking at each other with machine guns, heavy artillery, and chemical weapons. Though soldiers died by the millions in brutal conditions, neither side had any substantive success or gained any advantage.
In early April, the United States, angered by attacks upon its ships in the Atlantic, declared war on Germany.
Then, in November, the Bolshevik Revolution prompted Russia to pull out of the war. The End of the War and Armistice Although both sides launched renewed offensives in in an all-or-nothing effort to win the war, both efforts failed. The fighting between exhausted, demoralized troops continued to plod along until the Germans lost a number of individual battles and very gradually began to fall back.
A deadly outbreak of influenza, meanwhile, took heavy tolls on soldiers of both sides. Eventually, the governments of both Germany and Austria-Hungary began to lose control as both countries experienced multiple mutinies from within their military structures.
The war ended in the late fall ofafter the member countries of the Central Powers signed armistice agreements one by one. Germany was the last, signing its armistice on November 11, As a result of these agreements, Austria-Hungary was broken up into several smaller countries.
Germany, under the Treaty of Versailles, was severely punished with hefty economic reparations, territorial losses, and strict limits on its rights to develop militarily.
Germany After the War Many historians, in hindsight, believe that the Allies were excessive in their punishment of Germany and that the harsh Treaty of Versailles actually planted the seeds of World War II, rather than foster peace.
Furthermore, the treaty imposed steep war reparations payments on Germany, meant to force the country to bear the financial burden of the war. Although Germany ended up paying only a small percentage of the reparations it was supposed to make, it was already stretched financially thin by the war, and the additional economic burden caused enormous resentment.
Ultimately, extremist groups, such as the Nazi Party, were able to exploit this humiliation and resentment and take political control of the country in the decades following.World War 2, also known as the Second World War, was a war fought from to in Europe and, during much of the s and s, in Asia.
The war in Europe began in earnest on September 1, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, and concluded on September 2, , with the official surrender of the last Axis nation, Japan. 12 days ago · Four days before the actual end of World War I, a false report misled the country and set off wild celebrations.
A minute before noon on a November morning in , a . World War I was fought between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. The main members of the Allied Powers were France, Russia, and Britain. The United . World War 1, a Summary. World War 1 “World War I: Total War” Europe since pre-Roman times has been marked by conflict.
Warring tribes often did battle in small skirmishes and hand-to-hand combat. But as the civilizations grew and technology improved the battles became larger and much more intense. World War I was a major conflict fought in Europe and around the world between July 28, and November 11, Nations from across all non-polar continents were involved, although Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary dominated.
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