Select network Political philosophy is a subfield of philosophy that focuses heavily on the political, legal, and moral implications of different schools of thought within society. It is a field that goes back thousands of years to the time of Socrates, and more recently Machiavelli and Hobbes. Socrates, Machiavelli, Hobbes, and political philosophy Over time, a number of philosphers have tried to delineate the inter-related areas of morailty, justice, and the place of indiviudals within society.
It is concerned with the moral elements of human behaviour in a society. Differentiating between the purpose of political life and life itself is difficult as it involves considerations of the conceptions of right and wrong, which differ from person to person and time to time.
The sheer variety of plurality of styles, approaches, and presuppositions has made political thought an exciting intellectual pursuit. Approaches to theorizing politics differ, and so do accounts of how and why political thought should continue to be studied.
Broadly, there is a text and a context to the text, and the study of classical political philosophy should ideally take into account both, in order to fully understand various nuances of every thinker.
Political philosophy first began to emerge in histories of philosophy and general literature. By the 19th century, philosophical idealism was taking precedence and emphasis was on the coherence theory of truth.
Viewing the history of political thought as a stimulus to philosophy was not confined to idealists though, and most recent and distinguished exponents of this view include Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin. In essence this approach focused on the text and emphasised the timelessness of the ideas put forth therein.
Political Thought as History: This view concerned itself with the issue of what properly constituted a historical study. A Pocock and Quentin Skinner, argued for the disciplinary integrity of the historical study of political thought.
For Pocock it was the historian, not the philosopher, who was the guardian of the truth. The text of historic philosophers is thus understood in context of its historical time. Both Skinner and Pocock posit a linguistic context as the appropriate unit of analysis that elicit the types of meaning that the historian makes intelligible.
Political Thought and the Claims of Science: There was a demand for the discipline to conform to scientific modes of explanation. History for its own sake was viewed as a mere collection of facts and these facts needed to be subjected to scientific considerations in order for them to be considered credible.
This view largely emphasised the objectivity of the inquirer and the need to formulate generalizations that might be of use to a political scientist.
Political Thought and Practice: It is considered difficult, even undesirable, to separate practical from philosophical considerations. Political questions are intensely practical and political opinions potentially divisive and emotive.
This view focused on importance of bridging the divide between theory and practice and maintained that the study of the past must have practical value for the present; trying to establish the possibility of normative political theory. Collingwood, theory and practice overlap, and all philosophical problems arise from practical problems, and their solutions return to practice.
This view embodies the recognition that first order political theorizing cannot emerge from nowhere, but is a constructive enterprise which involves building, expanding and developing the vocabularies that are inherent in great political texts.
The Straussians have vociferously advocated the importance of classical authors and their texts, and contended that it is our duty to take their claims to truth seriously.
However, one does not have to be Straussian to defend the value of studying the value of classical texts. Political philosophers can be classified in different ways with respect to their opinions or beliefs on such concepts as that of the State and its importance, or of the nature of humans.
Conceptions of the State and why men obey it are largely of two types: The idea that the State is and organism of which men themselves are parts.Approaches to the Study of Political Philosophy & Problems and Challenges of Interpretation Political thought is thought about the State, its structure, nature and purpose - Approaches to the Study of Political Philosophy & Problems and Challenges of Interpretation introduction.
It is concerned with the moral elements of human behaviour in a society. Essay on the Philosophical and Empirical Approaches to the Study of Political Science Article shared by Political Science is studied in a systematic and scientific way.
The traditional approaches to Political Science was widely prevalent till the outbreak of the Second World War. These approaches were mainly related to the traditional view of politics which emphasized the study of the state and government.
Approaches to the Study of Political Philosophy & Problems and Challenges of Interpretation *Notes compiled from David Boucher & Paul Kelly’s ‘Introduction’ in Political Thinkers: From Socrates to the Present, and Terence Ball’s ‘History and the Interpretation of Texts’* Political thought is thought about the State, its structure, nature and purpose.
Normative approach to the study of politics owes its origin to the political philosophy of Greek philosopher Plato.
The thought of a good society or an ideal state and the entire structure of such a state are built upon the concepts like ‘should’, ‘ought’, ‘preference’ etc.
Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions concerning the social or communal life of human beings ("Merriam Webster", ). Structuralism is a theoretical paradigm that emphasizes that elements of culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to .