Guest posted on Jun 06, pm30
They symbolize the two extremes of humankind. When we are introduced to them, the text provides clear descriptors which distinguish the two.
In chapter one, Ralph is described as follows: The boy with fair hair The fair boy stopped The word tells us that, in Ralph and Jack are two contrasting characters. The word tells us that, in character, Ralph is not rash or prejudiced and that he judges others equally. One expects that he would provide a reasonable assessment of things and that his perspective would be balanced and that he would seek equitable solutions to problems or situations.
Ralph is further described as follows: He was old enough, twelve years and a few months, to have lost the prominent tummy of childhood and not yet old enough for adolescence to have made him awkward. You could see now that he might make a boxer, as far as width and heaviness of shoulders went, but there was a mildness about his mouth and eyes that proclaimed no devil.
Clearly, Ralph does not seem to possess any element of evil although he has the physique to exercise power. In contrast, the reference to Jack, as part of a group of approaching boys, reads: Here, the eye was first attracted to a black, bat-like creature that danced on the sand, and only later perceived the body above it.
The focus on darkness and creatures associated with the dark is pertinent. The distinction between the two boys is emphasized. Jack was wearing a black cloak, which further brings up the image of someone veiled in and surrounded by, darkness. The image forebodes the occurrence of something wicked, just like the cloak of a magician or witch would signify an indulgence with dark forces.
Physically, Jack is also different to Ralph: Inside the floating cloak he was tall, thin, and bony; and his hair was red beneath the black cap. His face was crumpled and freckled, and ugly without silliness.
Out of this face stared two light blue eyes, frustrated now, and turning, or ready to turn, to anger. Ralph had been painted as wholesome and athletic whilst Jack seems almost skeletal and, with his cloak, could be a representation of some creature of the dark, hungry and lean.
As the novel progresses, we discover that these descriptions are accurate indicators as to the nature of the two boys and how dissimilar they were. Since the two are the most distinguishable of all the boys, it stands to reason that they would vie for leadership. In the end, it is Ralph who is chosen.
This, however, does no deter Jack from later forming a splinter group, the hunters, who he dominates completely. This act by Jack also indicates his selfish nature for he wants to hunt and have fun whilst Ralph is more concerned about keeping a signal fire burning and building shelters.
It becomes important for Ralph to maintain rules and create order, whilst Jack wants to do as he pleases. These two contrasting approaches lead to conflict between the two boys.In Freuds theory, civilization is based on contradiction between the pleasure principle and the primary instincts.
Freud based his conclusions on hypothesis that you can always find modified remains of the past in human psychic. A further transaction was made that June â despite concerns from Simon being raised.
On that occasion, there were sales of gold to the value of Â£, and a Â£, shipment to New York.
Those who have made the argument that the boys represent Freud's theory of psychoanalysis - Superego, Ego and Id, often state that Piggy is the Superego, Ralph is the ego and Jack the Id.
Find free lord of the flies id ego superego essays, term papers, research papers, book reports written and published in during World War 2.
Comparing the characters of Jack, Ralph, Piggy and Simon with Freuds theory of id, Over the course of Lord of the Flies, Ralph, Piggy and Jack increasingly personify the attitudes, ideals and.
William Golding’s Lord of the Flies embodies Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. Golding utilizes the characters of Jack, Piggy, Simon, and Ralph to personify the id, the ego, and the superego, respectively. The Superego in Lord of the Flies and Fahrenheit - Ralph shows actions of id and superego by deciding to act as a leader or become savage like Jack.